Sankhuwasabha District is situated in Province No. 1 of eastern Nepal covering an area of 3,480 sq. km. The headquarters of this district is Khandbari. It borders with Solukhumbu in the west, Taplejung in the east, Tibet in North and Bhojpur, Dhankuta, and Terhathum in South. The indigenous ethnic groups of Rai, Yakkha, Limbu, Newar, Gurung, Magar, Abadi, Sunuwar, Rajbansi, Maithali, Tamang, Sherpa, and the caste group Brahmin and Chhetri reside in the area. The district also has the deepest valley of the world, Arun Valley, and is a land famous for cardamom farming.
Tourism in Sankhuwasabha
A region of verdant pastures, stunning mountain views, scintillating sunrises, and sunsets, Sankhuwasabha offers an excellent respite from the noise and stress of city life. The main attractions are Mt. Makalu (world's 5th high mountain), Mt. Barunche, Mt. Khampalung, Makalu - Barun National park, Arun rivers, world's deepest valley Tumlingtar, Milke Danda capital of 36 different types Rhododendrons flowers. It is naturally, religiously, and culturally rich. This region is popular for adventurous activities like hiking, trekking, rafting, expedition, etc. This region is rich in lakes and waterfalls. Some popular lakes are Kala pond, Jumlyaha Pond, Kapdane Pond, Panch Pokhari, Gosa Lake, Rota Pokhari, Bhakunde Pond whereas Bodha, Waling, Namase, Batase, Tanglewa are the popular waterfalls of this region. Those lakes and waterfalls are yet to be explored. Khandbari, Madibirta, Humung, Tumlingtar, Chainpur, Chhyankuti Bhanjyang, Barhabise, Pangtha, Chandanpur, Hedangna are the places to visit in Sankhuwasabha. It is connected with airways directly from Kathmandu. Regular flights have been operating from Kathmandu to Tumlingtar Airport of this region. Regular buses or jeeps take us to this region from Dharan of Sunsari Districts.
Places to visit in Sankhuwasabha
Makalu-Barun National park
Makalu Barun National Park is a national park in the Himalayan region of Nepal that was established in 1992 as an eastern extension of Sagarmatha National Park. It is the world's only protected area with an elevation gain of more than 8,000 m (26,000 ft) enclosing tropical forest as well as snow-capped peaks. It covers an area of 1,500 km2 (580 sq mi) in the Solukhumbu and Sankhuwasabha Districts, and is surrounded by a buffer zone to the south and southeast with an area of 830 km2 (320 sq. mi).
The rugged Himalayan landscape is the main attraction of this park. The world's fifth-highest peak Mount Makalu (8,463m) is the major landmark. For trekkers, the Makalu Base Camp and the Mera Peak are popular places to visit. Along the way, plenty of glaciers, glacial lakes, rivers, hot springs, cliffs, gorges, and snowcapped peaks can be observed. All of this makes this national park a lust for the eye and a striking experience.
It is popular as the holy shrine of Hindu god Shiva inside a natural cave. The visit inside the cave requires a torchlight as it is dark inside the cave. The entrance of the cave is narrow, however, the cave can sustain about 200 visitors inside the cave to worship. The cave has a phallic symbol of Lord Shiva which is continuously showered with milky-water from an image of a cow. It is one of the popular place to pilgrimage for religious as well as cultural value.
Gupha Pokhari is a natural pond situated at the height of 2,890 meters (9,480 ft.) above the sea levels in Sankhuwasabha District. This lake is also a holy pilgrimage site for both Hindus and Buddhists. The name "Gupha Pokhari", which means Cave Pond, is a new name given to this in the 20th century, by priests who were believed to meditate in the caves around the hills of this area and gave it its new name. Previously, it was called "Siddha Marga" Pokhari. Locals believe that this pond grants your wishes, similar to the Manakamana Temple in Gorkha. Gupha pokhari is one of the most popular destinations in the Tinjure-Milke-Jaljale Trail, which is known as the "Rhododendron capital of Nepal".
Located at an altitude of 4,240m at the base of Lumba Sumba Himal, Sabha Pokhari is a natural lake that has religious significance. According to a Hindu mythology, a wise ascetic named Byasa (the writer of Vedas, the Hindu holy scripts) once organized a gathering of all 88 thousand sages, saints and ascetics and gave a speech on how human can acquire peace in lifetime and attain heaven after death. The place where the lake is situated is an extraordinary example of natural beauty and landscape and the place is good for trekking.
Manakamana Devi Temple
The temple of Manakamana Devi is situated at the north of Tumlingtar on the eastern bank of Arun River. The ancient stone image of Manakamana Devi Nava Durga Bhagawati (Durga in her original form) is enshrined in the temple along with an image of Lord Shiva, Lord Ganesh and many more. On the occasion of Thuli Ekadasi, a great religious fair is organized where people from near and far village gather to participate in the fair and festival.
Barun Valley is a Himalayan valley situated at the base of Mt. Makalu in the Sankhuwasabha district of Nepal. This valley lies entirely inside the Makalu Barun National Park. The Barun Valley provides stunning contrasts, where high waterfalls cascade into deep gorges, craggy rocks rise from lush green forests, and colorful flowers bloom beneath white snow peaks. This unique landscape shelters some of the last pristine mountain ecosystems on earth. Rare species of animals and plants flourish in diverse climates and habitats, relatively undisturbed by humankind.
Places to see in Barun Valley
This dome like cave, about 500 feet high, has a large waterfall coming out of its stone roof. The waterfall is considered a sacred tap of Lord Shiva. To get to this place one has to climb an extremely dangerous cliff with the help of locals, which will take about three to four hours.
This is a large stone cliff that has a hole in its face, and through which a waterfall cascades. Local legend has it that a dark lake lay atop the cliff, which mysteriously caused the deaths of many Tibetan refugees after nightfall. A Buddhist monk by the name of Rinpoche broke the cliff with his Tadasho, to destroy the lake and save the lives of the Tibetan refugees.
Major Trekking Route
Makalu Base Camp Trek
Makalu Base Camp Trek is a high altitude trek, which takes in lower landscapes of lush rhododendron forests, picturesque Gurung villages, river valleys, and the Makalu Barun National Park. Makalu base camp trek begins from the minor climb city of Khandbari, open by road or fly to Tumlingtar the local station of the Sankhuwasabha. The trail heading along the villages and picturesque landscape scenery like; Tashigaon, Khongma Danda, Dobate via Shipton La (4200m), Yangle Kharka, Langmale Kharka, Sherson and finally get in Makalu Base Camp (4,870m) and walk back to Tumlingtar for to return home destination. There are tea houses available entire Makalu Base Camp Trek, so now days no need to carry tents and food for the trek. The best time for this trek is spring season (March, April, and May) and autumn season (September, October, November).
Arun Valley Trek
Arun valley trekking is a non-touristic trekking trail in Nepal which is located between the Sagarmatha(Mt. Everest) and Makalu-Barun National Parks. The trip to Arun valley commences with a short scenic flight of around 35 minutes to Tumlingtar from Kathmandu. And it will end at Lukla and return to Kathmandu by the flight of 30 min. Arun valley trekking offers superb Himalayan scenery including the Mount Everest, Mt. Makalu, Mt.Baruntse, Mt.Lhotse, Mt. Nuptse, Mt. Amadablam, Mt.Thamserku etc, more than 650 species of birds and over 800 species of butterflies, the shelter of the rare and endangered Panda. Arun valley trek is blessed with an incredible diversity of natural beauty and culture. Trekking in Arun valley provides an alternative approach to the Khumbu region trekking. The highest point of this trek is Salpa Bhanjyang and also we can visit Hindu holy pond called Salpa Pokhari (3,414m). The visit to this lake offers magnificent and breathtaking mountain views. The trail connects to the popular route of Khumbu Region, so that we can continue the trek to Everest Base Camp and Khumbu Region.
Lumba Sumba Pass Trek
Lumba Sumba Trek is one of the new trekking routes identified and explored by Trekking Agencies’ Association of Nepal (TAAN) in 2012. We can start the trek from the Phungling Bazar of Taplejung district and end at Tumlingtar of Sankhuwasabha district. Lumba Sumba Peak (5,200m) is the major attraction of this route. Offering some of the most spectacular Himalayan landscapes, this trekking route is home to different ethnic groups like the Limbus, Sherpas, Rai, Gurung, Magars, Newars, and Tamangs. We can explore the traditional farming practices and see different birds and wildlife species, including the endangered snow leopard and red panda, from the route. There are many high mountain lakes in Olangchung Gola. Through this route, we explore two of Nepal’s best-preserved protected areas – the Kanchenjunga Conservation Area and the Makalu Barun National Park. Through the route, we can also trek to the base camps of Mt. Kanchenjunga (8,586m) and Mt Makalu (8,463m). Similarly, the Tamor and Arun River systems can be the other attraction for tourists. The route encompasses alpine grasslands, rocky outcrops, dense temperate and sub-tropical forests, and low river valleys. Apart from natural beauty, we can also explore cultural heritage like monasteries, chortens, temples and prayer walls.
Milke Danda Trek
Milke Danda Trekking is one of the long and high forest ridge with the great ecological variation ranging from the Sal Forests of the Tamor and Arun river valleys to alpine vegetation at its highest point. We can begin our trek from Tumlingtar and make a trek about 10-12 days up to this ridge. This provides the massif views of Mt. Everest (8,848m), Makalu (8,463m) and Kanchenjunga (8,586m). Milke Danda trek is renowned for having the highest diversity of Nepalese Rhododendron species (28 out of 32 species reported from Nepal). It offers us the best chance to explore local inhabitants, their lifestyle, culture, great Himalayan scenic including Mt. Everest, Makalu, Kanchenjunga, blooming of different flowers including rhododendron in the spring season.
Bhojpur District is situated in Province No. 1 of eastern Nepal covering an area is 1,507 sq. km. The administrative headquarters is Bhojpur Bazar. It is surrounded by Dhankuta and Sankhuwasabha in the east, Khotang in the west, Sankhuwasabha in north-east, Solukhumbu in the north-west and Udayapur in the South. According to the DCC Bhojpur, this place was named after the Betula utilis. Betula utilis had found here in large quantities. The Nepali name for Betula utilis is "Bhojpatra" (भोजपत्र). "Bhojpur" is a combination of two words "Bhoj" and "Pur", Bhoj refers to Bhojpatra (Betula utilis) and "Pur refers to a place or city.
Tourism in Bhojpour
Bhojpur, being a mountainous area, is a favorite for people who like to hike. The green, lush hillsides and the cool breeze make it seem like a paradise for nature lovers. There is a wide variation in altitude in this district. Hasanpur is situated at the lowest altitude at a height of one hundred and fifty-three meters from sea level and Silichung is situated at the highest altitude of four thousand one hundred and fifty-three meters. Due to the wide variation in altitude, we can observe different types of climate in this district. Bhojpur boasts of making exquisite metal crafts like the famous khukuri knives. It is an ideal region to visit and escape the hustle and bustle of city life. There are many places to visit in this district. Char dhunge mahadebsthan, Salpha pokhari, Kalika Devi, Selme, Dingle, Shyamsila and Hatuwa Gadi are few of them. This place is also famous for the Rudraksha tree. Roktang waterfall is the waterfall in Bhojpur with a height of 80m.
Places to Visit in Bhojpur
Hatuwagadhi is a significant historical place of Bhajpur district. The place is situated 30 km south of the district headquarter. The importance of Hatuwagadhi is because the place was the capital of a Kirant state, Majh Kirant before the unification of Nepal by Shah Kings. The ruins of the place where the capital and forts can still be seen there. These ruins have greater archeological, architectural, and historical significance.
Sapla Lake (Pokhari) is one of the holy lakes of Nepal lies in this region. The lake, at the top of the Bhanjyang Pass into the Solu Khumbu region, is a pilgrimage site for several of the religions that inhabit in the Nepalese hills. The Rai people, whose history defines the legend of the lake, even claim that to bath in Salpa Pokhari is so holy that it obviates the need to make a pilgrimage to India’s Ganges River.
Bhojpur Bazar is the traditional home of Kirat Rai and has its long history since the settlement of the Kirat Rai people. Bhojpur bazaar is famous for its metalwork, particularly khukuri knives. It is home to many businessmen as well as skilled craftsmen. Other major towns in the district include Dingla to the north, Ghoretar to the south, and Taksar near the airstrip, from where flights connect to Biratnagar and Kathmandu.
Mundum Trail (Kirat Rai Cultural Trail)
Mundum trek is a newly discovered trekking destination launched in Nepal in January 2018 in Eastern Nepal. This is the youngest official trekking route. The trail traverse through the ridge from where we can see the magnificent view of Himalaya’s peaks and mountains. The Mundum trek is a journey that reflects the culture of Rai, Limbu, and Kirat people in a village. The Mundum Trek route passes through several indigenous ethnic villages. This adventure takes you through the settlements of Kirati people. This Kirat Rai Cultural Trail goes up to the elevation of 4,200 meters from sea level to the viewpoint of Silchung Peak. The new and unaffected-by- modernism route starts from Diktel Bazar goes through the small and beautiful settlements of ChaKhewa, Dhotre - Maiyung - RawaDhap - Salpa Bhanjyang - Silchung - Hakule - Hanspokhari and ends at Bhojpur. It is the Camping Trek. But we can find teahouse lodges in a few places only. Silichung peak located at 4155m is another impressive viewpoint. The trail meets Arun valley trek at Kulupankha Bhanjyang Pass 3348m, and follows the romantic trail of lush green forests and wonderful landscape. Towards the south of Chakhewa pass 2250m, 3 hours of gradual ascent take us to Temple Danda or hill perched on an altitude of 3010m. The pristine hilltop is perfect for sunrise, sunset and spectacular 180-degree views of the Himalayan panorama of Everest, Kanchenjunga, Lhotse, Manaslu, Langtang, Dorje Lakpa, Numbur, Karyalung, Gaurishankar, Kwangde, Cho Oyu, Kusum Kanguru, Thamserku, Kangtega, Kyasar, Mera peak, Nuptse, Chamlang and Kumbhakarna.
Terhathum District is situated in Province No. 1 of eastern Nepal covering an area of 679 sq. km. The headquarters of this district is Myanglung. It borders with Panchthar in east, Taplejung in North, Sankhuwasabha in North-West, and Dhankuta in Southwest and South. The majority of people are from the Limbu community in this place but we can also find Bramins, Chettri, and Rai Community people here. In Nepali, Tehra means thirteen and Thum means Peak so the name Terhathum means the place with thirteen peaks. This place is situated in the altitude range from 354 meters to 2,963 meters. This district is popularly known as the kingdom of Rhododendron. We can reach this region from Kathmandu via Bus crossing Dharan and Dhankuta. There is a good road to reach the Headquarter of Terhathum i.e. Myanglung Bazar.
Tourism in Terhathum
A region of verdant pastures, stunning mountain views, scintillating sunrises and sunsets, and friendly Limbu people, Tehrathum offers an excellent respite from the noise and stress of city life. The diverse landscape from terraced hillsides to the vast plains of the Terai plains are covered in rich green vegetation, a refreshing change from the concrete jungle of the city. There are popular places to visit in this region. All the main route to the trekking in Terhathum, Taplejung and Sankhuwasabha district in this district. Basantapur Bazar is the entrance or the trekking starting point.
Places to visit in Terhathum
Locating at an altitude of 2,200m, Basantapur offers an excellent respite from city life, the diverse landscape includes terraced fields as well as the Terai plains covered with the different types of vegetation. It is set up in an enchanting surrounding of mountains, lakes and greenery. The mixed pastures, hills of colorful Rhododendron and jasmines, beautiful sunrise and sunset, friendly people, and a rich Limbu culture offer additional appeal. Basantapur also hosts trekkers on the way to Taplejung and Mt. Kanchenjunga. The weather here is cool and temperate throughout the year, making Basantapur ideal to visit anytime. The best times to visit are autumn and spring, between October-December or from February-April. Summers are pleasant with temperatures ranging from 10 to 20 degrees Celsius.
The name Tinjure itself consists of 3 peaks and is one of the best places in Terhathum for Trekking from where can view beautiful view of Mt. Kanchanjunga, Kumbakarna from this place. Tinjure Forest, one of the ecologically important regions, lies on the eastern mid-hills of the country at a distance of about 9 km from Basantapur bazaar of Terhathum district. Its altitude ranges between 2400-3010 m and covers 22 Sq. Km. lying in between Basantapur and Chauki.
Hyatrung waterfall (Hyatrung Jharana) is the second-highest waterfall in Nepal. Hyatung Falls has a height of 365 meters. The scenic beauty of Hyatung is heartwarming and is one of the most beautiful places for holidays, hiking.
This temple is situated in the heart of Myanglung Bazar which is believed that if anyone who prays in this holy place with the pure heart than their wish gets fulfilled. Singhabahini Devi temple is one of the most renowned holy places of this region.
Marg Pokhari is the natural pond on the lap of the hills. The pond holds religious value and scenic beauty. It is located at a height of about 2,600 meters which has contributed to keeping the surroundings green. Marg Pokhari watershed area has a dense forest that habitats popular species of rhododendron and precious plants. Marg Pokhari is on the way to Basantapur from Sindhuwa, which is 5 kilometers from Basantapur Bazaar.
Shukrabare Bazaar in Hammarjung VDC, a weekly fair is showcasing the mixed culture of the settlements. The majority of the inhabitants here are Limbus. Thus, it is an ideal place and time to experience the rich Limbu cultures. The village is popular for traditional weaved Kadhi. The village can be reached via Sindhuwa Bazaar which is another popular area of Basantapur.
Panchakanya Pokhari is the popular tourist site which is also known as Chhathar Pokhari. It takes about 2 hours to reach Panchakanya Pokhari from Shukrabare Bazaar. This lake is the biggest pond of this district.
Dhankuta District is located in Province No. 1 of eastern Nepal covering an area of 891 sq. km. Dhankuta Bazar is the administrative headquarters of the Dhankuta District. Dhankuta is a mid-hill district of the eastern hill region of Nepal ranging an altitude of 243 meters to 629 meters of elevation above sea level. It is surrounded by Terhathum and Panchthar in East, Sankhuwasabha in North, Bhojpur, and Udayapur in west and Sunsari and Morang in South. It is also the commercial center for the northern districts as it lay in the middle of the region. Newari, Kiranti, and Indo-Aryan groups mainly constitute the population of the area.
Tourism in Dhankuta
Dhankuta district is popular for the tourism destination of Eastern Nepal. Hill stations like Bhedetar, Hille, Namje Village etc. are famous worldwide. There are many religious sites in this region. Jalpadevi Temple (Chintang Devi Temple), Nishan Bhagawati Temple, Shiva Panchayan (Bisranti Temple) are a few of the religiously important place of Dhankuta. There are lots of green forest and hills which attracts tourist. Different places such as Bhedetar, Dhwaje Hill, Hile Pakhribaas, Raja Rani, Namaste waterfall are few of them. Furthermore, Dhankuta Municipality is introducing a package of paragliding and rafting to promote adventure tourism in the district. The paragliding route starts from Chuliban and ends on the bank of Tamor River. After landing, the participants can go for a five-kilometer-long rafting on the river.
Places to Visit in Dhankuta
Situated about 56 kilometers north of Dharan, Dhankuta is a beautiful town that is also known as the queen of the hills because of the scenic beauty it offers. It lay at an altitude of 1,200 meters above the sea level and is famous for its orange groves and leafy scenery with the backdrop of the mountain streams, their crystal clear waters and the green pine and oak forests. It also serves as the base for trekking in the Kanchenjunga region. It is easily accessible via roadways.
Hile is a hill town located in the Eastern Part of Nepal, 13 km north of the regional center of Dhankuta Bazar. This place is famous for its scenic beauty and the panoramic view of Sagarmatha (Mt Everest), Makalu, Lhotse and Kumbhakarna mountains. We can visit Urgay Namedo Choling Gompa and Guranse Tea Estate in Hile. Various hotels and accommodation facilities are available for visitors. Hile is also famous for Tongba (A traditional drink of Limbu community).
Raja Rani Lake
Raja Rani Lake also called Rani tal, is situated in Dhankuta, eastern region of Nepal, covered with mixed forest. There are three lakes, namely Raja, Rani, and Chhori (Rajkumari), located within the southern part of the Sal forest along the Chure hill. The local people formed a Raja Rani Pokhari Conservation Committee particularly to manage this wetland. The three lakes cover about 20 hectares of land along the catchment area of about 133 hectares. Boating, fishing, jungle safari, nature walking, and trekking are other recreational activities that can be done at Raja Rani Lake.
Bhedetar is a small hill station, situated at an elevation of 1,420m from sea level, which is one of the popular tourist destinations in the district, both in terms of national as well as international tourism. The place is famous for its cool weather and the panoramic views of the mountains and the Himalayas, the plains and the green fields, Saptakoshi River and Dharan bazaar that could be seen from the tall point known as Charles point, named after the British Royal Prince Charles when he had visited the place. It also serves as a gateway to Dhankuta and Panchthar districts and from here. We can enjoy the view of the Plain field of Terai, snowcapped mountains such as Kanchanjunga, Makalu, Kumbhakarna from this place.
Uttarpani is a small bazaar surrounded by the rhododendron forest, ponds, and pasture lands which makes it beautiful for visit. Also, adding up to its beauty is the clear and majestic view of the Himalayas to its north.
Situated at the east of Hile bazaar in Tankhuwa VDC of the district, Sinduwa is a beautiful small establishment with surprising scenic beauty. The Himalayan views serving as the backdrop for the lush green forest in the foreground makes it a wonderful place for visit.
Pakhribas, an agricultural firm, is also situated in a beautiful place to the northwest of Hile. The visit to this place provides an opportunity to have a glimpse of the project dedicated to agricultural development in Nepal with the aid of the British government.
Jalpadevi Temple (Chintang Devi Temple)
Jalpadevi Temple is the holy shrine of Goddess Jalpadevi situated in this district. Nearby to this temple, there is another temple of Kanya Devi. Many pilgrims visit this place every year believing to fulfill their wishes after visiting the temple.
Situating at 2,140 above the sea level, Dhwaje Hill offers the view of 16 districts of Eastern Nepal. We can
also enjoy the view of the Tamor River from this place. Dhwaje Hill attracts as a viewpoint to observe the sunrise, sunset, snow-capped mountain, green hills, and river valleys.
Sayok Yak (Sanghuri Fort)
Sayok Yak fort was made by Sayok Hang, an ancient Limbu king, after winning Thebohang. Sayok Yak is called Sanghuri Gadhi these days. This point was an ancient strategic point of Limbu king. There are 10 stone rooms in this fort where army soldiers guarding this fort would live in. Still, there are some remnants of this ancient fort. Stones of this fort were brought from the Fusre stream of Dharan. This fort is a good location to have good views of Dharan and parts of Eastern Terai.
The Banyan Tree
It is believed that the largest banyan tree of Asia is situated in Dhankuta district. Local people believed that the tree is 400 years old and the perimeter of the base of the tree is 17 meters. It spreads at 13 Ropani lands.
Namaste Waterfalls is located nearby to Bhedetar of Dhankuta district. It is an attractive place for domestic tourists. The falls is about 80 meters high. One can see a rainbow-like seven color formation while standing close to the waterfall. It is in the shape of Namaste. The place is also frequently visited by researchers for their research. It is located 8 km away from Bhedetar, a famous tourist center in the hilly region of Nepal. There is a high potential for tourism in this area. Along with these falls, Bhedetar and Agricultural Research Station on Pakhribas are also located nearby. However, there are no human settlements nearby which creates inconvenience for visitors.
Namje Village is situated at an elevation of 1,585 m inhabited by Magar people in Sangurigadhi Rural Municipality, Dhankuta District of Eastern Nepal. Namje means Eating Yam in Magar language. Geographically at terraced fields, 19 houses out of 30 households established home-stay business (daily 80 people capacity). Changing-weather 5 times a day, views of fifth-tallest peak Mt. Makalu (8463 m.), surrounding wooded hills with picturesque village featured the Magar settlement. This place also contains a place called Aatma Ghar, designed by American architect Travis Price. Price collected stones from 231 graves of this place and assembled at a place and made a collective grave. This is described as the 17th wonders of the world. Plus, CNN has listed this village as a top 12 under-reported traveling destination in the world.